What are the 4 characteristics of medium of exchange?

Characteristics of a medium of exchange Low cost of conservation. The best example of a medium of exchange is the currency and its sole purpose is to facilitate business activities. By providing an element that has a known and collectively agreed exchange value, the medium of exchange becomes a generally accepted way of settling economic transactions. The dynamics of the modern economy are possible thanks to the existence of currency as a medium of exchange.

It would be impossible to liquidate many commercial transactions quickly if the means of exchange were not as common as currencies are. The main requirement for an instrument to become an accepted medium of exchange is an intrinsic collective agreement on its value and reliability. Some critics of the prevailing fiat money system argue that fiat money is the fundamental cause of the continuity of economic crises, since it leads to the predominance of fraud, corruption and manipulation, precisely because it does not meet the criteria for a medium of exchange mentioned above. The most important and essential function of a medium of exchange is to be widely acceptable and to have a relatively stable purchasing power (real value).

The medium of exchange used for the initial transaction was the currency and, when the loan had to be repaid, Mr. In such transactions, each item is a medium of exchange in itself and there is an individual and subjective valuation process in the mind of each party involved. The market measures or establishes the real value of various goods and services using the medium of exchange as a unit of measurement i. This example shows how money is used for various purposes in an economy, since it serves as a medium of trade, unit of accounting and store of value.

An ideal medium of exchange is distributed throughout the market to allow people with exchange rate potential to buy and sell. A medium of exchange is defined as an instrument that acts as an intermediary between different parties, whether individuals or organizations, to facilitate the exchange, purchase or transfer of products. Money meets the six characteristics of a medium of exchange: it is easily divisible (using several notes and coins), it is durable (banknotes and coins last for many years), it is portable (easy to transport) and is accepted by society (US dollars), it is uniform (all banknotes and coins have the same shape and size) and the supply is fixed or regulated. Most forms of money are classified as means of exchange, including basic money, representative money, cryptocurrencies and, most commonly, fiat money.

Cryptocurrency as a medium of exchange fulfils all six characteristics of a medium of exchange and more.